The LEC concept is described in several different peer-reviewed journals. Only a few selected articles are included in the list below. Please let us know if you know of other work you think should be included.


Design rules for light-emitting electrochemical cells delivering bright luminance at 27.5 percent external quantum efficiency

Nature Communications, 8: 1190 (2017)

Tang, Shi et al

Light-emitting paper. 

Adv. Funct. Mater., 3238–3245 (2015).

Asadpoordarvish, A. et al.

Spraying Light: Ambient-Air Fabrication of Large-Area Emissive Devices on Complex-Shaped Surfaces

Advanced Materials, 26: 4975-4980 (2014)

Sandström, Andreas et al

White Light from a Single-Emitter Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cell

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 135(9): 3647-3652 (2013)

Tang, Shi et al

Small-molecule light-emitting electrochemical cells: evidence for in situ electrochemical doping and functional operation

Chemical Communications, 49(43): 4926-4928 (2013)

Tang, Shi et al

Ambient fabrication of flexible and large-area organic light-emitting devices using slot-die coating

Nature Communications, 3: 1002- (2012)

Sandström, Andreas et al

Graphene electrodes for organic metal-free light-emitting devices

Physica Scripta, T146: 014023- (2012)

Robinson, Nathaniel et al

Encapsulating light-emitting electrochemical cells for improved performance

Applied Physics Letters, 100(19): 193508-  (2012)

 Asadpoordarvish, Amir et al

Flexible and Metal-Free Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells Based on Graphene and PEDOT-PSS as the Electrode Materials

ACS Nano, 5(1): 574-580 (2011)

Matyba, Piotr et al

Graphene and mobile ions: the key to all-plastic, solution-processed light-emitting devices

ACS Nano, 4(2): 637-642 (2010)


Matyba, Piotr et al